Incorporating Comorbidity E-News
AIC Publications: How much crime is drug or alcohol related?/Drug use among police detainees
Trends & issues in crime and criminal justice no.439 / Jason Payne and Antonette Gaffney May 2012. Summary: A paper by the Australian Institute of Criminology which provides new estimates of the extent to which criminal behaviour is linked to drug and alcohol use has been released. The study is the first of its kind to examine the self-reported link between substance use and crime for 10 different substances, including alcohol. It is also the first of its kind to differentiate between those crimes attributed to economic factors, such as the need to fund drug additions, and those attributed to the psychotropic effects of substance use.
This report compares results of DUMA against those of the US Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring Program. This revealed that: The rate of cannabis use amongst people who have been arrested was similar in the United States (46 per cent) and Australia (44 per cent); There is a higher rate overall of opiate use amongst people arrested in Australian than the United States – 11 per cent compared with 8 per cent; Cocaine use is much higher in the United States than in Australia – all test sites in the United States were higher for cocaine use than Australian test sites. Rates of cocaine use in the United States were 25 per cent compared to 2 per cent in Australia; and On average, Australian people who were arrested were more likely to have used methamphetamine than those in the United States – 11 per cent compared to 6 per cent.